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Anwar Sadat surprises everyone


The rise of Anwar Sadat
Uri Avnery Social activist
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והיא שלטה (גולדה) במדינה עד אחרי מלחמת יום כיפור. לפני שקרתה מלחמת יום כיפור (אוקטובר 1973], כזכור, מלחמת ההתשה נגמרה בפשרה שהשיגו האמריקאים, היה שקט לאורך התעלה והיה נדמה שהכל בא על תיקונו: המצרים ישבו בשקט, עבד אל נאסר מת, בא במקומו אנואר סאדאת, שנחשב לטיפש גמור במצרים, בכל העולם, בוודאי בישראל. אולי זה המקום להגיד מילה על סאדאת. הרי את המהפכה המצרית ב-1952 עשתה קבוצת קצינים שנקראו "הקצינים החופשיים" והיו בה אישים די רציניים, סאדאת שנחשב להכי לא חשוב ביניהם, הפך לסגנו של נאסר. זה דבר מקובל בפוליטיקה, כשיש כמה מועמדים חזקים לרשת את המנהיג, אז בוחרים את אחד הכי לא נחשבים, כדי שלאף אחד לא יהיה יתרון בבוא היום. אז הוא היה כאילו סגנו של עבד אל נאסר, וכשעבד אל נאסר מת, וכולם חשבו, היה אחד סַבַּארי ואחד זה, שיהיה היורש, הוא פשוט חטף את הנשיאות והוא נהיה הנשיא.‏

[Golda Meir] governed the country until after the Yom Kippur War. Before the Yom Kippur War, you may remember, the War of Attrition ended with a compromise achieved by the Americans. It was quiet along the canal and it seemed that everything had been resolved: the Egyptians sat quietly, Abdel Nasser died and was succeeded by Anwar Sadat, who was considered in Egypt and throughout the world, especially in Israel, to be absolutely stupid. Perhaps this is the place to say a word about Sadat. The Egyptian revolution had taken place in 1952, led by a team of officers called the Free Officers, and there were some rather serious individuals among them. Sadat, who had been considered as the least important among them, became Nasser's deputy. It is a common thing in politics, when there are several strong candidates to succeed the leader that one of those considered least important is selected so nobody will have an advantage when the time comes. So he was sort of deputy to Abdel Nasser, and when Abdel Nasser died and everyone thought... there was someone named Sabri who thought he will be the successor – Sadat simply seized the Presidency. And he became President.

Uri Avnery (1923-2018) was an Israeli writer, journalist and founder of the Gush Shalom peace movement. As a teenager, he joined the Zionist paramilitary group, Irgun. Later, Avnery was elected to the Knesset from 1965 to 1974 and from 1979 to 1981. He was also the editor-in-chief of the weekly news magazine, 'HaOlam HaZeh' from 1950 until it closed in 1993. He famously crossed the lines during the Siege of Beirut to meet Yasser Arafat on 3 July 1982, the first time the Palestinian leader ever met with an Israeli. Avnery was the author of several books about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, including '1948: A Soldier's Tale, the Bloody Road to Jerusalem' (2008); 'Israel's Vicious Circle' (2008); and 'My Friend, the Enemy' (1986).

Listeners: Anat Saragusti

Anat Saragusti is a film-maker, book editor and a freelance journalist and writer. She was a senior staff member at the weekly news magazine Ha'olam Hazeh, where she was prominent in covering major events in Israel. Uri Avnery was the publisher and chief editor of the Magazine, and Saragusti worked closely with him for over a decade. With the closing of Ha'olam Hazeh in 1993, Anat Saragusti joined the group that established TV Channel 2 News Company and was appointed as its reporter in Gaza. She later became the chief editor of the evening news bulletin. Concurrently, she studied law and gained a Master's degree from Tel Aviv University.

Tags: Egypt, Abdel Nasser, Anwar Sadat

Duration: 2 minutes, 2 seconds

Date story recorded: October 2015

Date story went live: 11 May 2017