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Secondary school


My childhood and my studies
François Jacob Scientist
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I was born in Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle. My father was a businessman. He came to Paris... well, we all came to Paris when I was three and a half. And that's it. I grew up in Paris. I went to the Lycée Carnot, from the 9e to the Math-Îlem included. After which I went to university, to the PCB, to the Medical Faculty where I did the first two years. The second year was during the first year of the war. I hadn't been mobilised yet. So during that first year of the war I did medicine examinations. And in 1940 I left.

Je suis né à Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle. Mon père était dans les affaires. Nous sommes tous venus à Paris quand j'avais trois ans et demi. Et voilà. J'ai grandi à Paris. Ça va pas fort là... J'ai grandi à Paris. J'ai été au lycée Carnot, à partir de la 9 ème jusqu'à la Math-élem comprise. Après quoi, j'ai été à la fac, au PCB, à la faculté de médecine où j'ai fait les deux premières années. La deuxième année était pendant la première année de guerre, je n'étais pas encore mobilisé. Donc j'ai fait des inscriptions de médecine pendant cette première année de guerre. Et en 40, je suis parti.

François Jacob (1920-2013) was a French biochemist whose work has led to advances in the understanding of the ways in which genes are controlled. In 1965 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, together with Jacque Monod and André Lwoff, for his contribution to the field of biochemistry. His later work included studies on gene control and on embryogenesis. Besides the Nobel Prize, he also received the Lewis Thomas Prize for Writing about Science for 1996 and was elected a member of the French Academy in 1996.

Listeners: Michel Morange

Michel Morange est généticien et professeur à L'Université Paris VI ainsi qu'à l'Ecole Normale Supérieure où il dirige le Centre Cavaillès d'Histoire et de Philosophie des Sciences. Après l'obtention d'une license en Biochimie ainsi que de deux Doctorats, l'un en Biochimie, l'autre en Histoire et Philosophie des Sciences, il rejoint le laboratoire de Génétique Moléculaire dirigé par le Professeur François Jacob à l'Institut Pasteur. Ses principaux travaux de recherche se sont portés sur l'Histoire de la Biologie au XXème siècle, la naissance et le développement de la Biologie Moléculaire, ses transformations récentes et ses interactions avec les autres disciplines biologiques. Auteur de "La Part des Gènes" ainsi que de "Histoire de la Biologie Moléculaire", il est spécialiste de la structure, de la fonction et de l'ingénerie des protéines.

Michel Morange is a professor of Biology and Director of the Centre Cavaillès of History and Philosophy of Science at the Ecole Normale Supérieure. After having obtained a Bachelor in biochemistry and two PhDs, one in Biochemistry, the other in History and Philosophy of Science, he went on to join the research unit of Molecular Genetics headed by François Jacob, in the Department of Molecular Biology at the Pasteur Institute, Paris. Together with Olivier Bensaude, he discovered that Heat Shock Proteins are specifically expressed on the onset of the mouse zygotic genome activation. Since then he has been working on the properties of Heat Shock Proteins, their role in aggregation and on the regulation of expression of these proteins during mouse embryogenesis. He is the author of 'A History of Molecular Biology' and 'The Misunderstood Gene'.

Tags: Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle, Lycée Carnot

Duration: 1 minute, 7 seconds

Date story recorded: October 2004

Date story went live: 24 January 2008