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My views on Yalta

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The most important years of my life
Jacek Kuroń Social activist
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I was born March 3rd 1934 so I was just over two years' old when Kozak's funeral was held, five when the war broke out, 13 in '47 when the first falsified elections, first and last free and falsified elections were held, 15 when I joined the ZMP, 18 when I came into the apparatus, 19 when I joined the Party and was still 19 when I got kicked out of it. In '56 when I was 22 years old, I joined the Party once again, they threw me out a second time in '65 when I was arrested for the first time and I was 31, in '68 I was 34, in '60. '70 I was 36 years old, in '76 I was 42, in '80 I was 46. And now I'm 53.

Ja się urodziłem 3 marca 1934 r., więc kiedy był pogrzeb Kozaka miałem lat dwa z kawałkiem, kiedy wybuchła wojna miałem lat pięć, kiedy były wybory do... te pierwsze sfałszowane... pierwsze i ostatnie wolne i sfałszowane w '47 miałem lat trzynaście, kiedy wstąpiłem do ZMP miałem lat piętnaście, kiedy wstąpiłem... kiedy poszedłem do aparatu miałem lat osiemnaście, kiedy do Partii – dziewiętnaście i tyleż miałem lat, kiedy pierwszy raz z niej wyleciałem. Kiedy w 1956 r. miałem dwadzieścia dwa lata, kiedy wstąpiłem ponownie do Partii, kiedy mnie ponownie z niej wyrzucali i po raz pierwszy aresztowano w '65 r. miałem 31 lat, kiedy w '68 r. miałem 34 lata, w '60... w '70 roku miałem 36 lat, w '76 miałem 42 lata, w '80 r. miałem 46 lat. No i teraz mam 53.

The late Polish activist, Jacek Kuroń (1934-2004), had an influential but turbulent political career, helping transform the political landscape of Poland. He was expelled from the communist party, arrested and incarcerated. He was also instrumental in setting up the Workers' Defence Committee (KOR) and later became a Minister of Labour and Social Policy.

Listeners: Marcel Łoziński Jacek Petrycki

Film director Marcel Łoziński was born in Paris in 1940. He graduated from the Film Directing Department of the National School of Film, Television and Theatre in Łódź in 1971. In 1994, he was nominated for an American Academy Award and a European Film Academy Award for the documentary, 89 mm from Europe. Since 1995, he has been a member of the American Academy of Motion Picture Art and Science awarding Oscars. He lectured at the FEMIS film school and the School of Polish Culture of Warsaw University. He ran documentary film workshops in Marseilles. Marcel Łoziński currently lectures at Andrzej Wajda’s Master School for Film Directors. He also runs the Dragon Forum, a European documentary film workshop.

Cinematographer Jacek Petrycki was born in Poznań, Poland in 1948. He has worked extensively in Poland and throughout the world. His credits include, for Agniezka Holland, Provincial Actors (1979), Europe, Europe (1990), Shot in the Heart (2001) and Julie Walking Home (2002), for Krysztof Kieslowski numerous short films including Camera Buff (1980) and No End (1985). Other credits include Journey to the Sun (1998), directed by Jesim Ustaoglu, which won the Golden Camera 300 award at the International Film Camera Festival, Shooters (2000) and The Valley (1999), both directed by Dan Reed, Unforgiving (1993) and Betrayed (1995) by Clive Gordon both of which won the BAFTA for best factual photography. Jacek Petrycki is also a teacher and a filmmaker.

Tags: Kozak`s funeral, ZMP, Party

Duration: 1 minute, 27 seconds

Date story recorded: 1987

Date story went live: 12 June 2008