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Nomenklatura vs the opposition


More changes were needed
Jan Józef Lipski Social activist
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Above all, there was still a lack of clarity surrounding the issue of the nomenclature in industry. On the one hand, this is a political problem but on the other, it's economic. Having the economy in the hands of people whose basic qualification is political obedience is one of the reasons for our crisis and our economic disaster. On key issues, this is very unclear. On issues of justice it was truly a step forward although the practise of institutions like the prosecution or a guarantee of an unbiased judiciary were still not clearly defined, so they could be subject to many different interpretations.

Przede wszystkim jest nadal niejasny problem nomenklatury w przemyśle. To jest problem z jednej strony polityczny, ale z drugiej przecież gospodarczy. Ekonomia w ręku ludzi, których jest... kwalifikacją podstawową jest posłuszeństwo polityczne, to jest jedna z przyczyn naszego kryzysu i naszej klęski gospodarczej. W sprawach kluczowych – zupełnie mętne. W sprawach wymiaru sprawiedliwości rzeczywiście krok do przodu, ale nadal uprawnienia takich instytucji jak... no, prokuratura czy gwarancje niezależności dla sądu – nie są jasno sprecyzowane i mogą być przedmiotem bardzo różnych interpretacji.

Jan Józef Lipski (1926-1991) was one of Poland's best known political activists. He was also a writer and a literary critic. As a soldier in the Home Army (Armia Krajowa), he fought in the Warsaw Uprising. In 1976, following worker protests, he co-founded the Workers' Defence Committee (KOR). His active opposition to Poland's communist authorities led to his arrest and imprisonment on several occasions. In 1987, he re-established and headed the Polish Socialist Party. Two years later, he was elected to the Polish Senate. He died in 1991 while still in office. For his significant work, Lipski was honoured with the Cross of the Valorous (Krzyż Walecznych), posthumously with the Grand Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta (1991) and with the highest Polish decoration, the Order of the White Eagle (2006).

Listeners: Jacek Petrycki Marcel Łoziński

Cinematographer Jacek Petrycki was born in Poznań, Poland in 1948. He has worked extensively in Poland and throughout the world. His credits include, for Agniezka Holland, Provincial Actors (1979), Europe, Europe (1990), Shot in the Heart (2001) and Julie Walking Home (2002), for Krysztof Kieslowski numerous short films including Camera Buff (1980) and No End (1985). Other credits include Journey to the Sun (1998), directed by Jesim Ustaoglu, which won the Golden Camera 300 award at the International Film Camera Festival, Shooters (2000) and The Valley (1999), both directed by Dan Reed, Unforgiving (1993) and Betrayed (1995) by Clive Gordon both of which won the BAFTA for best factual photography. Jacek Petrycki is also a teacher and a filmmaker.

Film director Marcel Łoziński was born in Paris in 1940. He graduated from the Film Directing Department of the National School of Film, Television and Theatre in Łódź in 1971. In 1994, he was nominated for an American Academy Award and a European Film Academy Award for the documentary, 89 mm from Europe. Since 1995, he has been a member of the American Academy of Motion Picture Art and Science awarding Oscars. He lectured at the FEMIS film school and the School of Polish Culture of Warsaw University. He ran documentary film workshops in Marseilles. Marcel Łoziński currently lectures at Andrzej Wajda’s Master School for Film Directors. He also runs the Dragon Forum, a European documentary film workshop.

Tags: political obedience, nomenclature in industry, political problem, economy, economic disaster, prosecution, unbiased judiciary

Duration: 1 minute, 16 seconds

Date story recorded: October 1989

Date story went live: 14 March 2011