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Lies about Solidarity


Gaps in the official history
Jan Józef Lipski Social activist
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No są wydarzenia, które chyba żadnego śladu nie zostawiły, a jeżeli jakiś, to w głęboko ukrytych archiwach. No to oczywiście czerwiec ‘56 roku w Poznaniu; oczywiście wydarzenia marcowe. To chodzi nie tylko przecież o Warszawę, ale o wiele miast akademickich; no to rok ‘70 na Wybrzeżu. Wszystko, co widziałem na ten temat, to było nie z urzędowych, tylko przez jakichś amatorów kręconych czy fotografowanych jakichś obrazków, ale... ale urzędowa propaganda to starała się omijać szerokim łukiem. A jeżeli coś – głównie prasa – coś na ten temat pisała, no to były już wyłącznie kłamstwa połączone z brednią.

There are some events which left no trace behind them, or if there were any, then they're well hidden in archived records. These events are, of course, June 1956 in Poznań, the events of March and not just those that happened in Warsaw but also in many other university towns, 1970 on the coast. Everything I saw about these events wasn't filmed by government officials but by amateur film-makers, or had been photographed from other images. But official propaganda tried to avoid this as much as possible. If anything did get written on this subject, mainly in the press, then it was nothing but lies and nonsense.

Jan Józef Lipski (1926-1991) was one of Poland's best known political activists. He was also a writer and a literary critic. As a soldier in the Home Army (Armia Krajowa), he fought in the Warsaw Uprising. In 1976, following worker protests, he co-founded the Workers' Defence Committee (KOR). His active opposition to Poland's communist authorities led to his arrest and imprisonment on several occasions. In 1987, he re-established and headed the Polish Socialist Party. Two years later, he was elected to the Polish Senate. He died in 1991 while still in office. For his significant work, Lipski was honoured with the Cross of the Valorous (Krzyż Walecznych), posthumously with the Grand Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta (1991) and with the highest Polish decoration, the Order of the White Eagle (2006).

Listeners: Jacek Petrycki Marcel Łoziński

Cinematographer Jacek Petrycki was born in Poznań, Poland in 1948. He has worked extensively in Poland and throughout the world. His credits include, for Agniezka Holland, Provincial Actors (1979), Europe, Europe (1990), Shot in the Heart (2001) and Julie Walking Home (2002), for Krysztof Kieslowski numerous short films including Camera Buff (1980) and No End (1985). Other credits include Journey to the Sun (1998), directed by Jesim Ustaoglu, which won the Golden Camera 300 award at the International Film Camera Festival, Shooters (2000) and The Valley (1999), both directed by Dan Reed, Unforgiving (1993) and Betrayed (1995) by Clive Gordon both of which won the BAFTA for best factual photography. Jacek Petrycki is also a teacher and a filmmaker.

Film director Marcel Łoziński was born in Paris in 1940. He graduated from the Film Directing Department of the National School of Film, Television and Theatre in Łódź in 1971. In 1994, he was nominated for an American Academy Award and a European Film Academy Award for the documentary, 89 mm from Europe. Since 1995, he has been a member of the American Academy of Motion Picture Art and Science awarding Oscars. He lectured at the FEMIS film school and the School of Polish Culture of Warsaw University. He ran documentary film workshops in Marseilles. Marcel Łoziński currently lectures at Andrzej Wajda’s Master School for Film Directors. He also runs the Dragon Forum, a European documentary film workshop.

Tags: June 1956, Warsaw, Poznań

Duration: 1 minute, 6 seconds

Date story recorded: October 1989

Date story went live: 15 March 2011