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A restful detention


Propaganda continues to lie
Jan Józef Lipski Social activist
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Propaganda oficjalna oczywiście wówczas, gdy Polska coraz bardziej była ogarnięta strajkami, ciągle jeszcze kłamała. Nazwy „strajk” jeszcze w ogóle z początku nie używano, coś mętnie o jakichś „przerwach w pracy”, ale im dłużej to trwało i im ruch stawał się ten silniejszy, tym trudniej było kłamać. I w końcu zaczęły się pojawiać pierwsze jakieś takie informacje z których naprawdę można było się czegoś dowiedzieć i tego było coraz więcej. Gdy doszło już do rozmów w Stoczni no...wtedy rzeczywiście informacja nie zawsze oczywiście i niekoniecznie w całości prawdziwa, ale już była taka, że ludzie jednak orientowali się nawet ze źródeł oficjalnych co się dzieje.

The official propaganda during the time when Poland was being overwhelmed by strikes was, of course, still lying. The word strike wasn't used at all initially, only vague references to ‘interruptions at work’ but the longer this went off for and the stronger the movement became, the harder it was to lie and in the end the first information began to emerge that actually told us something and gradually, there was more of this. When it came to the talks in the shipyard, then the information wasn't always completely true but it was already enough for people to realise what was happening even though the source of this information was official.

Jan Józef Lipski (1926-1991) was one of Poland's best known political activists. He was also a writer and a literary critic. As a soldier in the Home Army (Armia Krajowa), he fought in the Warsaw Uprising. In 1976, following worker protests, he co-founded the Workers' Defence Committee (KOR). His active opposition to Poland's communist authorities led to his arrest and imprisonment on several occasions. In 1987, he re-established and headed the Polish Socialist Party. Two years later, he was elected to the Polish Senate. He died in 1991 while still in office. For his significant work, Lipski was honoured with the Cross of the Valorous (Krzyż Walecznych), posthumously with the Grand Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta (1991) and with the highest Polish decoration, the Order of the White Eagle (2006).

Listeners: Jacek Petrycki Marcel Łoziński

Cinematographer Jacek Petrycki was born in Poznań, Poland in 1948. He has worked extensively in Poland and throughout the world. His credits include, for Agniezka Holland, Provincial Actors (1979), Europe, Europe (1990), Shot in the Heart (2001) and Julie Walking Home (2002), for Krysztof Kieslowski numerous short films including Camera Buff (1980) and No End (1985). Other credits include Journey to the Sun (1998), directed by Jesim Ustaoglu, which won the Golden Camera 300 award at the International Film Camera Festival, Shooters (2000) and The Valley (1999), both directed by Dan Reed, Unforgiving (1993) and Betrayed (1995) by Clive Gordon both of which won the BAFTA for best factual photography. Jacek Petrycki is also a teacher and a filmmaker.

Film director Marcel Łoziński was born in Paris in 1940. He graduated from the Film Directing Department of the National School of Film, Television and Theatre in Łódź in 1971. In 1994, he was nominated for an American Academy Award and a European Film Academy Award for the documentary, 89 mm from Europe. Since 1995, he has been a member of the American Academy of Motion Picture Art and Science awarding Oscars. He lectured at the FEMIS film school and the School of Polish Culture of Warsaw University. He ran documentary film workshops in Marseilles. Marcel Łoziński currently lectures at Andrzej Wajda’s Master School for Film Directors. He also runs the Dragon Forum, a European documentary film workshop.

Tags: Poland

Duration: 51 seconds

Date story recorded: October 1989

Date story went live: 15 March 2011