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Leszek Kołakowski's lecture at Warsaw University

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Reaction of Polish society to the Arab-Israeli war
Jan Józef Lipski Social activist
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Ponieważ cała propaganda nasza urzędowa była antyizraelska, a proarabska, to w sposób zupełnie zrozumiały i naturalny ogromna część społeczeństwa zaczęła być nastawiona proizraelsko i antyarabsko, co jest zupełnie jasne i zrozumiałe. No w każdym razie...w każdym razie tutaj było widać, że się coś zaczyna nowego, jakiś nowy motyw. No, niezupełnie nowy, bo jak mówiłem, już przed tym się w prasie, przynajmniej w niektórych czasopismach, znajdowały takie rzeczy, takie wypowiedzi, które, zapowiadające możliwość jakiegoś takiego kursu antysemickiego; ale to ta wypowiedź Gomułki była już czymś więcej niż tam jakiś tam niejasny w treści artykuł takiego czy innego publicysty, który brzydko pachniał, ale jeszcze sam w sobie niewiele znaczył. I to był...i to była jedna rzecz z '67 roku.

Since all the government propaganda was anti-Israeli and pro-Arab, then quite naturally and understandably, a large part of society began to be pro-Israeli and anti-Arab, which was totally obvious and understandable. In any case... in any case you could see that something new was beginning here, a new motif. Well, not exactly new because as I said, in the press, at least in some publications, there were things, expressions which foretold the possibility of another bout of anti-Semitism, but that speech by Gomułka was something more than some vague article written by one or another journalist which, though it had an unsavoury odour, wasn't of much significance in itself. And that was one thing about '67.

Jan Józef Lipski (1926-1991) was one of Poland's best known political activists. He was also a writer and a literary critic. As a soldier in the Home Army (Armia Krajowa), he fought in the Warsaw Uprising. In 1976, following worker protests, he co-founded the Workers' Defence Committee (KOR). His active opposition to Poland's communist authorities led to his arrest and imprisonment on several occasions. In 1987, he re-established and headed the Polish Socialist Party. Two years later, he was elected to the Polish Senate. He died in 1991 while still in office. For his significant work, Lipski was honoured with the Cross of the Valorous (Krzyż Walecznych), posthumously with the Grand Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta (1991) and with the highest Polish decoration, the Order of the White Eagle (2006).

Listeners: Marcel Łoziński Jacek Petrycki

Film director Marcel Łoziński was born in Paris in 1940. He graduated from the Film Directing Department of the National School of Film, Television and Theatre in Łódź in 1971. In 1994, he was nominated for an American Academy Award and a European Film Academy Award for the documentary, 89 mm from Europe. Since 1995, he has been a member of the American Academy of Motion Picture Art and Science awarding Oscars. He lectured at the FEMIS film school and the School of Polish Culture of Warsaw University. He ran documentary film workshops in Marseilles. Marcel Łoziński currently lectures at Andrzej Wajda’s Master School for Film Directors. He also runs the Dragon Forum, a European documentary film workshop.

Cinematographer Jacek Petrycki was born in Poznań, Poland in 1948. He has worked extensively in Poland and throughout the world. His credits include, for Agniezka Holland, Provincial Actors (1979), Europe, Europe (1990), Shot in the Heart (2001) and Julie Walking Home (2002), for Krysztof Kieslowski numerous short films including Camera Buff (1980) and No End (1985). Other credits include Journey to the Sun (1998), directed by Jesim Ustaoglu, which won the Golden Camera 300 award at the International Film Camera Festival, Shooters (2000) and The Valley (1999), both directed by Dan Reed, Unforgiving (1993) and Betrayed (1995) by Clive Gordon both of which won the BAFTA for best factual photography. Jacek Petrycki is also a teacher and a filmmaker.

Tags: Władysław Gomułka

Duration: 1 minute, 6 seconds

Date story recorded: October 1989

Date story went live: 10 March 2011