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Dziady is banned by the censor: start of the March events


Foretelling of the events of March 1968
Jan Józef Lipski Social activist
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No i jeszcze jedna rzecz związana z '67 rokiem. Karol i Jacek wychodzą pod...już bliżej końca roku wychodzą z więzienia, z tym że trafiają już na sytuację zupełnie inną niż ta w której poszli do więzienia. Po prostu ich młodsi koledzy bardzo pracowali przez ten czas. Opanowali prawie większość kół naukowych uniwersytetu i można powiedzieć, że uniwersytet kipiał już w tym momencie. Odbywały się ciekawe zebrania, dyskusje i właściwie ci młodzi ludzie odczuwali jakąś taką potrzebę, żeby iść naprzód, do przodu jakoś iść. No i Karol i Jacek kiedy wrócili nagle trafili na duże zorganizowane środowiska studenckie, które tylko czekały na to, żeby oni wyszli, bo w nich widzieli swoich naturalnych przywódców. I to była już zapowiedź tego, co się stało w '68 roku.

One more thing connected to '67. Karol and Jacek came out towards the end of the year, they were released from prison except that the situation that greeted them then was completely different from how it was when they started their sentence. Their younger colleagues had been working hard throughout all of that time. They'd taken over most of the academic circles at the university and you could say the university was seething by that point. There were lots of interesting meetings and discussions, and these young people felt a kind of need to advance, to move on somehow. So when Karol and Jacek got out, they came back to large, organised student groups who were just waiting for them to get out because they saw them as their natural leaders. And this was a foretelling of what happened in '68.

Jan Józef Lipski (1926-1991) was one of Poland's best known political activists. He was also a writer and a literary critic. As a soldier in the Home Army (Armia Krajowa), he fought in the Warsaw Uprising. In 1976, following worker protests, he co-founded the Workers' Defence Committee (KOR). His active opposition to Poland's communist authorities led to his arrest and imprisonment on several occasions. In 1987, he re-established and headed the Polish Socialist Party. Two years later, he was elected to the Polish Senate. He died in 1991 while still in office. For his significant work, Lipski was honoured with the Cross of the Valorous (Krzyż Walecznych), posthumously with the Grand Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta (1991) and with the highest Polish decoration, the Order of the White Eagle (2006).

Listeners: Jacek Petrycki Marcel Łoziński

Cinematographer Jacek Petrycki was born in Poznań, Poland in 1948. He has worked extensively in Poland and throughout the world. His credits include, for Agniezka Holland, Provincial Actors (1979), Europe, Europe (1990), Shot in the Heart (2001) and Julie Walking Home (2002), for Krysztof Kieslowski numerous short films including Camera Buff (1980) and No End (1985). Other credits include Journey to the Sun (1998), directed by Jesim Ustaoglu, which won the Golden Camera 300 award at the International Film Camera Festival, Shooters (2000) and The Valley (1999), both directed by Dan Reed, Unforgiving (1993) and Betrayed (1995) by Clive Gordon both of which won the BAFTA for best factual photography. Jacek Petrycki is also a teacher and a filmmaker.

Film director Marcel Łoziński was born in Paris in 1940. He graduated from the Film Directing Department of the National School of Film, Television and Theatre in Łódź in 1971. In 1994, he was nominated for an American Academy Award and a European Film Academy Award for the documentary, 89 mm from Europe. Since 1995, he has been a member of the American Academy of Motion Picture Art and Science awarding Oscars. He lectured at the FEMIS film school and the School of Polish Culture of Warsaw University. He ran documentary film workshops in Marseilles. Marcel Łoziński currently lectures at Andrzej Wajda’s Master School for Film Directors. He also runs the Dragon Forum, a European documentary film workshop.

Tags: Karol Modzelewski, Jacek Kuroń

Duration: 1 minute, 2 seconds

Date story recorded: October 1989

Date story went live: 10 March 2011